セイカツ シュウカンビョウ : ジュンカンキ シッカン ト コウケツアツ
Life-style related disease : Relationship between cardiovascular diseases and hypertension
Niki, Toshiharu Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokushima Prefectural Central Hospital
life-style related disease
It is well known that hypertension, hyperlipemia, smoking and diabetes are risk factors
of the ischemic heart disease and stroke. In these risk factors, hypertension influences most
strongly to the development of arteriosclerosis. In this paper, affection of hypertension to the
occurrence and development of arteriosclorosis, relation between the origin of essential
hypertension and environmental factors, and relation between the occurrence of hypertension
and life style was described.
Essential hypertension is polygenic disorder, however environmental factors are necessary
to cause hypertension. Excess intake of the salt, obesity, lack of exercise, overedrinking
and psychosocial or physical stress are well known as environmental factors of essential
hypertension. It is very important to impove these life style in order to manage hypertension
and to prevent arteriosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.
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