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ID 116579
Author
Ali, Hanif Tokushima University
Morito, Katsuya Tokushima University
Hasi, Rumana Yesmin Tokushima University
Sango, Kazunori Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science
Keywords
Peroxisome
Very long-chain fatty acids
Beta-oxidation
Peroxisome disease
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Fatty acids (FAs) longer than C20 are classified as very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs). Although biosynthesis and degradation of VLCFAs are important for the development and integrity of the myelin sheath, knowledge on the incorporation of extracellular VLCFAs into the cells is limited due to the experimental difficulty of solubilizing them. In this study, we found that a small amount of isopropanol solubilized VLCFAs in aqueous medium by facilitating the formation of the VLCFA/albumin complex. Using this solubilizing technique, we examined the role of the peroxisome in the uptake and metabolism of VLCFAs in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. When wild-type CHO cells were incubated with saturated VLCFAs (S-VLCFAs), such as C23:0 FA, C24:0 FA, and C26:0 FA, extensive uptake was observed. Most of the incorporated S-VLCFAs were oxidatively degraded without acylation into cellular lipids. In contrast, in peroxisome-deficient CHO cells uptake of S-VLCFAs was marginal and oxidative metabolism was not observed. Extensive uptake and acylation of monounsaturated (MU)-VLCFAs, such as C24:1 FA and C22:1 FA, were observed in both types of CHO cells. However, oxidative metabolism was evident only in wild-type cells. Similar manners of uptake and metabolism of S-VLCFAs and MU-VLCFAs were observed in IFRS1, a Schwan cell-derived cell line. These results indicate that peroxisome-deficient cells limit intracellular S-VLCFAs at a low level by halting uptake, and as a result, peroxisome-deficient cells almost completely lose the clearance ability of S-VLCFAs accumulated outside of the cells.
Journal Title
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
ISSN
13881981
NCID
AA11522965
AA11300409
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
1867
Issue
2
Start Page
159088
Published Date
2021-11-27
Remark
論文本文は2022-11-27以降公開予定
Rights
© 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
language
eng
TextVersion
その他
departments
Bioscience and Bioindustry
Pharmaceutical Sciences