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ID 117730
Title Alternative
Dexmedetomidine and sleep during HFNC
Author
Momota, Kazuki Tokushima University
Nakano, Yuki Tokushima University|Tokushima Prefectural Miyoshi Hospital
Keywords
dexmedetomidine
sleep disturbance
high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC)
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Purpose : High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) is a new type of non-invasive respiratory support for acute respiratory failure patients. However, patients receiving HFNC often develop sleep disturbances. We therefore examined whether dexmedetomidine could preserve the sleep characteristics in patients who underwent HFNC. Patients and Methods : This was a pilot, randomized controlled study. We assigned critically ill patients treated with HFNC to receive dexmedetomidine (0.2 to 0.7 μg / kg / h, DEX group) or not (non-DEX group) at night (9:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.). Polysomnograms were monitored during the study period. The primary outcomes were total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency and duration of stage 2 non-rapid eye movement (stage N2) sleep. Results : Of the 28 patients who underwent randomization, 24 were included in the final analysis (12 patients per group). Dexmedetomidine increased the TST (369 min vs. 119 min, p = 0.024) and sleep efficiency (68% vs. 22%, P = 0.024). The duration of stage N2 was increased in the DEX group compared with the non-DEX group, but this finding did not reach statistical significance. The incidences of respiratory depression and hemodynamic instability were similar between the two groups. Conclusions : In critically ill patients who underwent HFNC, dexmedetomidine may optimize the sleep quantity without any adverse events.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Publisher
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
Volume
69
Issue
3-4
Start Page
266
End Page
272
Sort Key
266
Published Date
2022-08
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
University Hospital
Medical Sciences