Sato-Fukuba, Mami Tokushima University
Ushio, Aya Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Otsuka, Kunihiro Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Nagao, Ruka Tokushima University
Matsuzawa, Shigefumi Tokushima University
Tawara, Hiroaki Tokushima University
Tsunematsu, Takaaki Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
primary Sjögren’s syndrome
follicular B cell
bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue
CD4+ T cell
Introduction: Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that affects the function of exocrine glands, such as the lacrimal and the salivary glands. Extraglandular lesions and malignant lymphoma also occur during the progressive stage of pSS. We have, herein, focused on the pulmonary lesions of pSS and have aimed clarifying their pathophysiological mechanism by comparing the glandular with the extraglandular lesions observed in a mouse model of pSS.
Results: The histopathological analysis of lung tissues obtained from NFS/sld mice that have undergone neonatal thymectomy was performed. Moreover, in vivo and in vitro experiments were conducted along with immunological analyses in order to characterize the unique phenotypes of the pulmonary lesions identified in these pSS model mice. Inflammatory lesions with a bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue-like structure were identified in the lungs of pSS model mice. In addition, relative to salivary gland lesions, pulmonary lesions showed increased CD23+ follicular B (FB) cells. In vitro and pulmonary B cells were more readily driven to CD23+ FB cell phenotype than salivary gland B cells in pSS model mice. Furthermore, the CD23+ FB cell differentiation was found to be enhanced in a CD4+ T-cell-dependent manner under a Th2-type condition in the lungs of herein examined pSS model mice.
Discussion: A Th2-type response in the pSS lung may promote the progression of autoimmune lesions through an enhanced abnormal differentiation of B cells.
Frontiers in Immunology
Frontiers Media S.A.
© 2023 Sato-Fukuba, Arakaki, Ushio, Otsuka, Nagao, Matsuzawa, Tawara, Tsunematsu and Ishimaru. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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