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ID 117198
Uemura, Hirokazu Tokushima University|University of Hyogo KAKEN Search Researchers
Nguyen, Tien Van Tokushima University
Takezaki, Toshiro Kagoshima University
Ibusuki, Rie Kagoshima University
Suzuki, Sadao Nagoya City University
Otani, Takahiro Nagoya City University
Okada, Rieko Nagoya University
Kubo, Yoko Nagoya University
Tamura, Takashi Nagoya University
Hishida, Asahi Nagoya University
Koyama, Teruhide Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Matsui, Daisuke Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Kuriki, Kiyonori University of Shizuoka
Takashima, Naoyuki Kindai University|Shiga University of Medical Science
Miyagawa, Naoko Keio University
Ikezaki, Hiroaki Kyushu University
Matsumoto, Yuji Kyushu University
Nishida, Yuichiro Saga University
Shimanoe, Chisato Saga University
Oze, Isao Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute
Matsuo, Keitaro Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute|Nagoya University
Mikami, Haruo Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute
Kusakabe, Miho Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute
Takeuchi, Kenji Nagoya University
Wakai, Kenji Nagoya University
Skipping breakfast
Short sleep duration
Metabolic syndrome
Cross-Sectional Studies
Content Type
Journal Article
The purpose of the study was to investigate sex-specific associations of skipping breakfast and short sleep duration with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their interaction. We analyzed baseline data of 14,907 men and 14,873 women aged 35–69 years, who participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study from 2005. MetS was diagnosed using a modification of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III revised definition (NCEP-R 2005), using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Breakfast consumption was classified into two categories: ≥6 days/week (consumers) or <6 days/week (skippers). Sleep duration was classified into three categories: <6h, 6 to <8 h, and ≥8 h/day. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) and examine the presence of interaction. In men, skipping breakfast and short sleep duration were independently associated with an increased prevalence of MetS (OR 1.26, 95%CI 1.12–1.42 and OR 1.28, 95%CI 1.12–1.45, respectively), obesity, and components of MetS. However, no significant interaction was observed between skipping breakfast and short sleep duration. In women, skipping breakfast and short sleep duration were associated with an increased prevalence of obesity, but not with MetS. These findings indicate that breakfast consumption and moderate sleep duration may be associated with a lower risk of MetS, particularly in men.
Journal Title
Preventive Medicine Reports
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This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
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Medical Sciences