Mawatari, Kazuaki The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston|Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Koike, Nobuya Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Nohara, Kazunari The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Wirianto, Marvin The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Uebanso, Takashi Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Shimohata, Takaaki Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Shikishima, Yasuhiro Ikeda Yakusou Corporation
Miura, Hiroyuki Ikeda Yakusou Corporation
Nii, Yoshitaka Tokushima Prefectural Industrial Technology Center
Burish, Mark J. The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Yagita, Kazuhiro Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Takahashi, Akira Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Yoo, Seung-Hee The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Chen, Zheng The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Scope: Polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) are a group of natural compounds known to display a wide array of beneficial effects to promote physiological fitness. Recent studies revealed circadian clocks as an important cellular mechanism mediating preventive efficacy of the major PMF Nobiletin against metabolic disorders. Sudachitin is a PMF enriched in Citrus sudachi, and its functions and mechanism of action are poorly understood.
Methods and Results: Using circadian reporter cells, we showed that Sudachitin modulated circadian amplitude and period of Bmal1 promoter-driven reporter rhythms, and real-time qPCR analysis showed that Sudachitin altered expression of core clock genes, notably Bmal1, at both transcript and protein levels. Mass-spec analysis revealed systemic exposure in vivo. In mice fed with high-fat diet with or without Sudachitin, we observed increased nighttime activity and daytime sleep, accompanied by significant metabolic improvements in a circadian time-dependent manner, including respiratory quotient, blood lipid and glucose profiles and liver physiology. Focusing on liver, RNA-sequencing and metabolomic analyses revealed prevalent diurnal alteration in both gene expression and metabolite accumulation.
Conclusion: Our study elucidates Sudachitin as a new clock-modulating PMF with beneficial effects to to improve diurnal metabolic homeostasis and liver physiology, suggesting the circadian clock as a fundamental mechanism to safeguard physiological well-being.
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mawatari, K., Koike, N., Nohara, K., Wirianto, M., Uebanso, T., Shimohata, T., Shikishima, Y., Miura, H., Nii, Y., Burish, M., Yagita, K., Takahashi, A., Yoo, S., Chen, Z., The Polymethoxyflavone Sudachitin Modulates the Circadian Clock and Improves Liver Physiology. Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 2023, 67, 2200270, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.202200270. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
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