Watanabe, Syunsuke Tokushima University
Xiao, Jinzhong Morinaga Milk Industry
Nagatomo, Ryosuke Ritsumeikan University
Ogawa, Hirohisa Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Tsunematsu, Takaaki Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Umemoto, Hitomi Tokushima University
Morimoto, Yuki Tokushima University
Akatsu, Hiroyasu Nagoya City University
Inoue, Koichi Ritsumeikan University
We previously showed that male Tsumura Suzuki obese diabetes (TSOD) mice, a spontaneous mouse model of metabolic syndrome, manifested gut dysbiosis and subsequent disruption of the type and quantity of plasma short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and daily coffee intake prevented nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in this mouse model. Here, we present a preliminary study on whether coffee and its major components, caffeine and chlorogenic acid, would affect the gut dysbiosis and the disrupted plasma SCFA profile of TSOD mice, which could lead to improvement in the liver pathology of these mice. Three mice per group were used. Daily intake of coffee or its components for 16 wk prevented liver lobular inflammation without improving obesity in TSOD mice. Coffee and its components did not repair the altered levels of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and an increased abundance of Firmicutes in TSOD mice but rather caused additional changes in bacteria in six genera. However, caffeine and chlorogenic acid partially improved the disrupted plasma SCFA profile in TSOD mice, although coffee had no effects. Whether these alterations in the gut microbiome and the plasma SCFA profile might affect the liver pathology of TSOD mice may deserve further investigation.
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