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ID 115936
Title Alternative
食道扁平上皮癌患者の化学療法効果と予後予測に関わるバイオマーカー
Author
Furukita, Yoshihito Tokushima University
Keywords
biomarker
prognosis
chemo-resistance
predictive factor
esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Content Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Description
Background: The prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been improved by multidisciplinary therapy with chemoradiotherapy and surgery, but it remains poor. Advanced stage, malignant potential, and chemo-resistance contribute to the poor prognosis. Here, we attempted to identify predictive factors of the response to chemotherapy and the prognosis of ESCC patients.
Patients and Methods: We examined 51 ESCC patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by radical surgery, and 23 patients who were treated with chemotherapy alone. We conducted quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction gene expression analysis using RNA extracted from 74 tumor tissue samples collected before chemotherapy and 67 tumor tissue samples collected after chemotherapy, focusing on PIK3CA, AKT-1, mTOR, 4E-BP1, p70S6K, PD-L1, and PD-L2.
Results: The proportions of patients with high expressions of AKT-1 and PD-L1 before chemotherapy were significantly higher among the non-responders than among the responders (p=0.034, p=0.020, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed that high PD-L1 expression before chemotherapy was associated with poor response to chemotherapy (odds ratio: 2.998; 95% CI: 1.043–8.619; p=0.042) and high p70S6K expression before chemotherapy was a poor prognostic factor (hazard ratio: 2.518; 95% CI: 1.058–5.988; p=0.037). In addition, the patients with high expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2 in the tumors after chemotherapy had significantly worse survival than those with low expression of these genes (p=0.012, p=0.007, respectively).
Conclusion: These results demonstrated that PD-L1 and p70S6K in the primary ESCC tissues were related to a poor response to chemotherapy and poor prognosis, respectively.
Journal Title
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
ISSN
18636705
18636713
NCID
AA12201344
Publisher
The Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery|Springer Nature
Volume
69
Issue
3
Start Page
525
End Page
533
Published Date
2021-01-15
Remark
内容要旨・審査要旨・論文本文の公開
本論文は,著者Seiya Inoueの学位論文として提出され,学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.
The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11748-021-01586-5
論文本文は2022-01-15以降公開予定。
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
その他
MEXT report number
甲第3477号
Diploma Number
甲医第1479号
Granted Date
2021-02-25
Degree Name
Doctor of Medical Science
Grantor
Tokushima University
departments
Medical Sciences
University Hospital