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ID 116259
Author
Maeda, Ryo Osaka University
Kitano, Satsuki Kyoto University
Miyachi, Hitoshi Kyoto University
Fukuda, Mikiko Kyoto University
Shinkai, Yoichi RIKEN
Tachibana, Makoto Osaka University|Tokushima University KAKEN Search Researchers
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methylation is dynamically regulated by methyltransferases and demethylases. In spermatogenesis, prospermatogonia differentiate into differentiating or undifferentiated spermatogonia after birth. However, the epigenetic regulation of prospermatogonia to spermatogonia transition is largely unknown. We found that perinatal prospermatogonia have extremely low levels of di-methylated H3K9 (H3K9me2) and that H3K9 demethylases, JMJD1A and JMJD1B, catalyze H3K9me2 demethylation in perinatal prospermatogonia. Depletion of JMJD1A and JMJD1B in the embryonic germline resulted in complete loss of male germ cells after puberty, indicating that H3K9me2 demethylation is essential for male germline maintenance. JMJD1A/JMJD1B-depleted germ cells were unable to differentiate into functional spermatogonia. JMJD1 isozymes contributed to activation of several spermatogonial stem cell maintenance genes through H3K9 demethylation during the prospermatogonia to spermatogonia transition, which we propose is key for spermatogonia development. In summary, JMJD1A/JMJD1B-mediated H3K9me2 demethylation promotes prospermatogonia to differentiate into functional spermatogonia by establishing proper gene expression profiles.
Journal Title
Stem Cell Reports
ISSN
22136711
Publisher
International Society for Stem Cell Research|Cell Press
Volume
15
Issue
2
Start Page
424
End Page
438
Published Date
2020-07-16
Rights
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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DOI (Published Version)
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language
eng
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departments
Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences
Technical Support Department