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ID 113758
Title Alternative
Prognosis of growth and neurological development in small for gestational age infants
NICU・GCUを退院したSGA児の予後
Author
Takeuchi, Shunsuke Tokushima University
Shono, Miki Tokushima University
Keywords
small for gestational age
low stature
growth hormone
developmental disorder
mental retardation
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
【Background】Small for gestational age (SGA) infants have multiple risk factors for short stature, developmental disorders, and metabolic diseases in adulthood. Our institute which plays central roles in perinatal medicine in Tokushima prefecture has many high risk pregnant women, therefore a relatively large number of SGA infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and growth care unit (GCU).
【Objective】To elucidate the prognosis such as short stature, neurodevelopmental disorder and mental retardation of SGA infants discharged from NICU and GCU in our hospital.
【Method】SGA patients discharged from NICU and GCU in our hospital between 2012 and 2014 were enrolled in this study. Clinical data were collected from medical charts.
【Results】There were 106 SGA infants (19.5%) discharged from NICU/GCU for 3 years. We excluded patients with congenital malformation syndrome, chromosomal abnormality, neuromuscular disorder, death and lost of follow-up, and finally 75 SGA infants were enrolled. Four SGA infants (5%) required growth hormone (GH) treatment for short stature and all of them were promoted growth significantly. Three SGA infants (4%) showed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or autism spectrum disorder, and 5 SGA infants (6%) presented with mental retardation.
【Conclusion】This study revealed the prognosis of SGA infants discharged from NICU and GCU in our hospital. Further large cohort with long-term observation is required.
Journal Title
Shikoku Acta Medica
ISSN
00373699
NCID
AN00102041
Publisher
徳島医学会
Volume
75
Issue
1-2
Start Page
63
End Page
68
Sort Key
63
Published Date
2019-04-25
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
University Hospital
Medical Sciences