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ID 114904
Title Alternative
Effects of Interval Time of the Epley Manoeuvre
Imai, Takao Osaka University
Okumura, Tomoko Osaka University
Sato, Takashi Osaka University
Ohta, Yumi Osaka University
Okazaki, Suzuyo Osaka City General Hospital
Inohara, Hidenori Osaka University
Epley maneuver
Dix-Hallpike test
BPPV fatigue
positional nystagmus
Content Type
Journal Article
Objective: The Epley maneuver (EM) has an immediate effect: rapid reduction of positional nystagmus. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) causes BPPV fatigue, which constitutes fatigability of positional nystagmus and vertigo with repeated performance of the Dix-Hallpike test; notably, BPPV fatigability becomes ineffective over time. We hypothesized that the immediate effect of the EM is caused by BPPV fatigue. Therefore, we suspected that performance of the EM with intervals between head positions would worsen the immediate reduction of positional nystagmus in patients with BPPV, because BPPV fatigability would become ineffective during performance of this therapy.
Methods: Forty patients with newly diagnosed BPPV were randomly assigned to the following two groups; one group performed the EM without intervals between positions (group A), and the other group performed the EM with 3 min intervals between positions (group B). The primary outcome measure was the ratio of maximum slow-phase eye velocity (MSPEV) of positional nystagmus soon after the EM, compared with that measured before the EM. Secondary outcome included whether a 30 min interval after the EM enabled recovery of MSPEV of positional nystagmus to the original value. This study followed the CONSORT 2010 reporting standards.
Results: In both groups A and B, the immediate effect of the EM could be observed, because MSPEV during the second Dix-Hallpike test was significantly smaller than MSPEV during the first Dix-Hallpike test (p < 0.0001 in group A, p < 0.0001 in group B). The primary outcome measure was larger in group B than in group A (p = 0.0029). The immediate effect faded 30 min later (secondary outcome).
Conclusions: This study showed that the EM had an immediate effect both with and without interval time in each head position of the EM. Because setting interval time in each head position of the EM reduced the immediate effect of the EM, interval time during the EM adds less benefit. This finding can reduce the effort exerted by doctors, as well as the discomfort experienced by patients with pc-BPPV, during EM. However, this immediate effect may be caused by BPPV fatigue, and may fade rapidly.
Journal Title
Frontiers in Neurology
Frontiers Media S.A.
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© 2019 Imai, Okumura, Sato, Takeda, Ohta, Okazaki and Inohara. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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Medical Sciences