ID 106045
Author
Naruse, Susumu Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Kobe International University
Hashimoto, Toshiaki Department of Pediatrics, Japanese Red Cross Tokushima Hinomine Rehabilitation Center for People with Disabilities
Mori, Kenji Department of Child Health & Nursing, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate School Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Tsuda, Yoshimi Department of Special Needs Education, Naruto University of Education
Takahara, Mitsue Department of Special Needs Education, Naruto University of Education
Kagami, Shoji Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate School Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Keywords
school-age children
facial expression recognition
eye-track
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Purpose : Facial expressions hold abundant information and play a central part in communication. In daily life, we must construct amicable interpersonal relationships by communicating through verbal and nonverbal behaviors. While school-age is a period of rapid social growth, few studies exist that study developmental changes in facial expression recognition during this age. This study investigated developmental changes in facial expression recognition by examining observers’ gaze on others’ expressions. Subjects : 87 school-age children from first to sixth grade (41 boys, 46 girls). Method : The Tobii T60 Eye-tracker(Tobii Technologies, Sweden) was used to gauge eye movement during a task of matching pre-instructed emotion words and facial expressions images (neutral, angry, happy, surprised, sad, disgusted) presented on a monitor fixed at a distance of 50 cm. Results : In the task of matching the six facial expression images and emotion words, the mid- and higher-grade children answered more accurately than the lower-grade children in matching four expressions, excluding neutral and happy. For fixation time and fixation count, the lower-grade children scored lower than other grade children, gazing on all facial expressions significantly fewer times and for shorter periods. Conclusion : It is guessed that the stage from lower grades to middle grades is a turning point in facial recognition.
Journal Title
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
ISSN
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Volume
60
Issue
1-2
Start Page
114
End Page
120
Sort Key
114
Published Date
2013-02
EDB ID
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences