Ebe, Koji Takao Hospital
Muneta, Tetsuo Muneta Maternity Clinic
Bando, Masahiro Tokushima University
Yonei, Yoshikazu Doshisha University
Low-carbohydrate diet (LCD)
Morbus value (M-value)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
Background: As to nutritional therapy, continuous discussions were observed concerning calorie restriction (CR) and low-carbohydrate diet (LCD). Authors and colleagues have applied LCD for lots of diabetic patients and reported the detail relationship with ketone bodies and Morbus (M) value.
Methods: Ninety-three patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were considered as subjects in the study, among which 51 were male and 52 were female, 58.3±13.2 years old on average, 60 years old in median. Methods were as follows: 1) patients were admitted and provided formular diet, which included CR diet (60% carbohydrates, 1400 kcal/day) on day 1-2, and LCD (12% carbohydrate, 1400 kcal/day) on day 3-14; 2) several biomarkers on fasting were measured on day 2, 4 and 14; 3) daily profile of blood glucose were done on day 2 and day 4.
Results: According to the M-value, subjects were classified into 4 groups, which were less than 25, 26-100, 101-250, more than 251, and number was 24, 24, 24, 21, respectively. The average HbA1c in 4 groups were 6.6%, 7.4%, 8.5% and 9.5% respectively. The median M-values decreased from day 2 to 4, which were 10.4 to 9.1, 53.5 to 7.7, 150 to 19.1 and 438 to 87, respectively. The average uric acid in each group revealed significant increase from day 2 to day 14. There were significant correlation between uric acid increment and creatinine increment, and among creatinine, creatinine clearance (CCr) and Cystatin C.
Conclusion: LCD showed efficacy for glucose variability with significant decrease in glucose and M-value. Renal study showed increase of serum uric acid. In addition to correlations of Cystatin C and biomarkers, current results would be from some dehydrated state and/or relative decrease of total calorie intake. These findings would become the fundamental data of efficacy of LCD and its physiological influences for renal function.
Diabetes Research : Open Journal
©2017 Bando H. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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