ID 111440
Author
Nakanishi, Shoko Tokushima University
Watanabe, Sakimi Tokushima University
Keywords
HIV-1
HIV-2
SIVmac
CA-NTD
mutational analysis
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Capsid (CA) protein is a major virion-constituent of all retroviruses including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), and is essential for early and late phases in viral replication cycle through interaction with numerous cellular factors. In particular, N-terminal domain (NTD) of HIV-1 CA has been frequently and well reported to bind to various host cell proteins that considerably affect viral replication potential. In this study, in order to better define biological bases of the CA-NTD for HIV-1 replication, we performed an extensive mutational analysis in an unprecedented manner. By aligning CA-NTD sequences derived from representative infectious molecular clones of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus isolated from the rhesus macaque (SIVmac), a number of amino acids specific to HIV-1 were selected, and were replaced with those from SIVmac at the corresponding sites. Mutant viruses thus generated were then examined for multi-cycle infectivity, single-cycle infectivity, and ability to produce progeny virions. While some CA-NTD mutations affected viral replication ability to varying degrees, those in helix 7 abolished viral growth potential without exception. These results highlight functional importance of non-conserved amino acids in helix 7, and give new insights into functionality of HIV-1 CA-NTD.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
65
Issue
1-2
Start Page
110
End Page
115
Sort Key
110
Published Date
2018-02
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences