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ダウンロード数 : ?
ID 111440
著者
Nakanishi, Shoko Tokushima University
Watanabe, Sakimi Tokushima University
キーワード
HIV-1
HIV-2
SIVmac
CA-NTD
mutational analysis
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Capsid (CA) protein is a major virion-constituent of all retroviruses including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), and is essential for early and late phases in viral replication cycle through interaction with numerous cellular factors. In particular, N-terminal domain (NTD) of HIV-1 CA has been frequently and well reported to bind to various host cell proteins that considerably affect viral replication potential. In this study, in order to better define biological bases of the CA-NTD for HIV-1 replication, we performed an extensive mutational analysis in an unprecedented manner. By aligning CA-NTD sequences derived from representative infectious molecular clones of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus isolated from the rhesus macaque (SIVmac), a number of amino acids specific to HIV-1 were selected, and were replaced with those from SIVmac at the corresponding sites. Mutant viruses thus generated were then examined for multi-cycle infectivity, single-cycle infectivity, and ability to produce progeny virions. While some CA-NTD mutations affected viral replication ability to varying degrees, those in helix 7 abolished viral growth potential without exception. These results highlight functional importance of non-conserved amino acids in helix 7, and give new insights into functionality of HIV-1 CA-NTD.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
cat書誌ID
AA11166929
AA12022913
出版者
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
65
1-2
開始ページ
110
終了ページ
115
並び順
110
発行日
2018-02
EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
医学系