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ID 114892
Bando, Hiroshi Tokushima University|low carbohydrate diet promotion association KAKEN Search Researchers
Diabetic nephropathy
low protein diet
Diabetes Practice Guidelines 2019 (JDS2019)
2019 dietary consensus report (ADA2019)
Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI)
Content Type
Journal Article
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) initially used to treat hypertension. They can use to treat diabetes, Chronic Renal Insufficiency (CRI)(RI), Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)(HF), and myocardial infarction (MI). They recorded to have some Adverse Effects (AEs) such as Acute Renal Failure (ARF) due to the lack of appropriate timelines monitoring scheme. The following Systematic Review (SR) will focus on the AEs of the administration of ACEIs/ARBs without appropriate timelines monitoring on adult patients as the specific population under study as per the prevailing literature provides. The data sources include a search for English language literature in the Cochrane database (2015-2019), MEDLINE, and the American Heart Association Journal Database (AHA). The search terms in the above databases included ACEIs /ARBs, adults, clinical trials, laboratory trials, random trails, humans, and timeline monitoring. The study selection included literature with random control trials of patients with the above diseases and how the appropriate monitoring of ACEIs/ARBs had any effects on the angiotensin system in adults. The data extraction is based on eight sources while keeping in mind the data fields used and the quality of the studies conducted. The data synthesis criteria observed a pool of patients larger than 50,000 included in each study that was put under the administration of ACEIs/ARBs for a year while noting the appropriate timelines monitoring of ACEIs/ARBs on the potassium and creatinine and how they affect the patients if they are not properly monitored. The SR of these laboratory studies confirms that under appropriate timelines monitoring of the administration of ACEIs/ARBs, apart from treating the above diseases, have very limited AEs on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system of the patients under observation.
Journal Title
Clinical and Medical Case Reports
OMICS International
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© 2020 Bando H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Medical Sciences