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ID 114175
Title Alternative
口腔機能低下と身体的フレイルの臨床的関連 : 共分散構造分析を用いた横断研究
Cascade between oral function and physical frailty
Author
Hihara, Tsukasa Tokushima University
Keywords
Oral hypofunction
Physical frailty
Covariance structure analysis
Content Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Description
Background: No report has yet examined the impact of oral hypofunction on physical frailty in relation to intra‐relationships of physical frailty assessment items. The purpose of this study was to verify the potential of a clinical cascade between oral hypofunction and physical frailty, and especially to support the hypothesis that the influence of oral hypofunction on physical frailty is greater than the intra‐relationships among elements of physical frailty, and that sex differences significantly affect these relationships.
Methods: The participants were 272 older adults (101 men and 171 women; mean age 75.1 ± 7.5 years). Maximum occlusal force (MOF) and oral dryness (OD), as indicators of oral hypofunction, and grip strength (GS) and walking speed (WS), as indicators of physical frailty, were measured. Mutual relationship of four variables was verified using covariance structure analysis.
Results: In men, three paths from MOF to WS and GS and from WS to GS were confirmed, and those from MOF to WS and from WS to GS were found to be significant (p < 0.01). In women, three paths from MOF to WS and GS and from WS to GS were also confirmed, as with the men, and those from MOF to WS and from MOF to GS were found to be significant (p < 0.01). Model adaptability was shown to be good for both men and women.
Conclusion: The results suggest our hypothesis was verified, and it is expected that the early detection of oral hypofunction, that is, MOF, may be important for assessing physical frailty, especially in women.
Journal Title
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
ISSN
0305182X
13652842
NCID
AA00704042
AA11628445
Publisher
Wiley
Volume
47
Issue
1
Start Page
61
End Page
66
Published Date
2019-07-22
Remark
内容要旨・審査要旨・論文本文の公開
本論文は,著者Tsukasa Hiharaの学位論文として提出され,学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hihara, T, Goto, T, Ichikawa, T. Assessment of potential clinical cascade between oral hypofunction and physical frailty: Covariance structure analysis in a cross-sectional study. J Oral Rehabil. 2020; 47: 61– 66, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12862. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
ETD
MEXT report number
甲第3343号
Diploma Number
甲口第452号
Granted Date
2020-01-09
Degree Name
Doctor of Dental Science
Grantor
Tokushima University
departments
Oral Sciences