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ID 111242
著者
東田, 好広 Tokushima University
森, 恵子 Hyogo University of Teacher Education KAKEN研究者をさがす
Miyazaki, Masahito Tokushima University
キーワード
autism
proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS)
amygdala
near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)
mirror neuron
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), we measured chemical metabolites in the left amygdala and the bilateral orbito-frontal cortex (OFC) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) in these regions of ASD were significantly decreased compared to those in the control group. In the autistic patients, the NAA concentrations in these regions correlated with their social quotient. These findings suggest the presence of neuronal dysfunction in the amygdala and OFC in ASD. Dysfunction in the amygdala and OFCmay contribute to the pathogenesis of ASD.We performed a near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) study to evaluate the mirror neuron system in children with ASD. The concentrations of oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) were measured with frontal probes using a 34-channel NIRS machine while the subjects imitated emotional facial expressions. The increments in the concentration of oxy-Hb in the pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus in autistic subjects were significantly lower than those in the controls. However, the concentrations of oxy-Hb in this area were significantly elevated in autistic subjects after they were trained to imitate emotional facial expressions. The results suggest that mirror neurons could be activated by repeated imitation in children with ASD.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
cat書誌ID
AA11166929
AA12022913
出版者
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
62
1-2
開始ページ
29
終了ページ
36
並び順
29
発行日
2015-02
EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
医学系
病院