Aki, Atsuko Tokushima University
cognitive behavioral approach
quality of life
Aims : The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the changes of levels of depression and quality of life in adolescent students after receiving short-term cognitive behavioral educational program in health class for stress management. Methods : Subjects were 176 middle school students aged 12 to 14 years. They completed the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children (DSRS-C) and the Revised Children Quality of Life Questionnaire (Kiddo-KINDLR) before, after and 6-months after the program. The three-session program consisted of psychoeducation and learning skills of cognitive restructuring and problem solving. Results : The total scores of the DSRS-C and the Kiddo-KINDLR in all subjects did not significantly change after the completion of program. However, as for the high risk group (score of the DSRS-C≧16), significant improvement in the two scales was found after the program. Especially, depression level in the high risk group significantly decreased and the improvement was maintained 6-months later. Conclusion : These results suggest that this type of approach may be effective for adolescents with high risk of depression in terms of improving not only depressive symptom but also quality of life.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
jmi_62_3-4_204.pdf 204 KB