Shimizu, Eiji The University of Tokushima
tumor suppressor gene
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in Japanese males, the incidence having increased markedly in recent years. Carcinogen exposure such as to tobacco-smoke and air pollution are associated with the probability of developing lung cancer. Aquired somatic mutations play an important role in the pathogenesis of environmentally induced lung cancers. Cytogenetic and molecular analysis of lung tumors has made it possible to examine this hypothesis and to search for candidate genes that may be targeted by chronic exposure to these carcinogens. Early studies implicate several distinct chromosomal loci (3p, 9p, 13q, 17p, and others) and suggest sequential genetic events occur during the initiation and progression of lung carcinogenesis. Several suppressor genes including Rb (13q), P53 (17p), and P16 (9p) have been identified and cloned at these chromosomal loci. The identification of putative tumor suppressor gene at chromosome 3p is still under work. Understanding the interaction of P53, RB, cyclins, and protein kinase inhibitors including P16 will be essential to the development of the next generation of diagnostic and therapeutic studies for lung cancer.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
jmi_44_1-2_15.pdf 706 KB