Imagawa, Yusuke Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases|Osaka University
Tsujimoto, Yoshihide Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases|Osaka University
Programmed cell death has a crucial role in various biological events, including developmental morphogenesis. Recent evidence indicates that necrosis contributes to programmed cell death in addition to apoptosis, but it is unclear whether necrosis acts as a compensatory mechanism for failure of apoptosis or has an intrinsic role during development. In contrast to apoptosis, there have been no techniques for imaging physiological necrosis in vivo. Here we employ vital staining using propidium iodide to identify cells with plasma membrane disruption (necrotic cells) in mouse embryos. We discover a form of necrosis at the bone surface, which does not occur in embryos with deficiency of the autophagy-related gene Atg9a, although it is unaffected by Atg5 knockout. We also find abnormalities of the bone surface in Atg9a knockout mice, suggesting an important role of Atg9a-dependent necrosis in bone surface formation. These findings suggest that necrosis has an active role in developmental morphogenesis.
Supplementary Information : ncomms_7_13391_s1.pdf
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