Titanium-coated PEEK Cage
Morimoto, Masatoshi Tokushima University
Lumbar interbody fusion
Titanium-coated PEEK cage
INTRODUCTION Titanium (Ti) coated polyether ether ketone (PEEK) interbody cages (IBCs) have been introduced to overcome any disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to investigate the radiological outcomes of lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) surgery using the Ti-coated PEEK IBC with a minimum of 1-year of follow-up. METHODS A total of 26 intervertebral spaces in consecutive 21 patients who underwent posterior/transforaminal LIF using the Ti-coated PEEK IBC were evaluated. Rates of bone union, screw loosening, cage subsidence and bone cyst formation around the endplate were evaluated on computed tomography scans acquired at least 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION At the 1-year follow-up, bone fusion was achieved in 23 (88.4%) of 26 intervertebral spaces. Cage subsidence was found in 5 intervertebral spaces ; however, bone fusion was achieved in all these spaces. Bone cysts formed in 4 intervertebral spaces and 4 of 94 screws were found to be loosened. Three of the loosened screws were found in vertebral bodies adjacent to intervertebral spaces with nonunion. However, there was no association between these events. Although more scientific evidence is required to determine the advantages of Ti-coated PEEK IBCs, we believe the clinical outcomes achieved were favorable at the 1 year minimum follow-up.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
jmi_66_1-2_119.pdf 1.72 MB