Badr, Hoida Ali Badr Tokushima University
We examined the initial attachment of E. coli to abiotic surfaces conditioned with cereal extracts. The extracts were water-soluble fractions prepared from flours of barley, quinoa, rice and wheat. Strains used were E. coli ATCC 8739, E. coli NBRC 3301, E. coli NBRC 3302, E. coli NBRC 13168, E. coli NBRC 13891, and E. coli O157:H7 sakai. When surfaces of glass and stainless steel were conditioned at 25°C for 30 min with 0.5% cereal extracts, significantly lower numbers of E. coli cells attached to the conditioned surfaces than unconditioned ones, irrespective of strains used. The highest activity in reduction of the number of E. coli cells attached to the abiotic surfaces was found in the wheat extract. The suppressive activity was stable after treatments of the extract by autoclave and enzymatic digestion with α-amylase and Proteinase K. We purified the active compound by ammonium sulfate fractionation and gel filtration with HiPrep 16/60 Sephacryl S-200 HR after the enzymatic treatments. The purified compound showed an average molecular mass of about 300 kDa by light-scattering measurements. Analyses of its components indicated that the active compound was arabinoxylan; the molar ratios were 1.0 (arabinose) to 2.46 (xylose). Commercially available arabinoxylan (average molecular mass: 370 kDa) also showed the similar activity. To our knowledge, this is the first report on a dietary fiber from cereals which suppresses the initial attachment of E. coli to abiotic surfaces.
European Food Research and Technology
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in European Food Research and Technology. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-020-03444-9
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