Nakatani, Natsu Tokushima University
Yoneda, Shintaro Tokushima University
embryonated chicken egg
weak electric current treatment
Technologies that overcome the barrier presented by vascular endothelial cells are needed to facilitate targeted delivery of drugs into tissue parenchyma by intravenous administration. We previously reported that weak electric current treatment (ET: 0.3–0.5 mA/cm2) applied onto skin tissue in a transdermal drug delivery technique termed iontophoresis induces cleavage of intercellular junctions that results in permeation of macromolecules such as small interfering RNA and cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) oligonucleotide through the intercellular space. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that application of ET to blood vessels could promote cleavage of intercellular junctions that artificially induces increase in vascular permeability to enhance extravasation of drugs from the vessels into target tissue parenchyma. Here we investigated the effect of ET (0.34 mA/cm2) on vascular permeability using embryonated chicken eggs, which have blood vessels in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), as an animal model. ET onto the CAM of the eggs significantly increased extravasation of intravenously injected calcein (M.W. 622.6), a low molecular weight compound model, and the macromolecule fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran (M.W. 10000). ET-mediated promotion of penetration of FITC-dextran through vascular endothelial cells was also observed in transwell permeability assay using monolayer of human umbilical vein endothelial cells without induction of obvious cellular damage. Confocal microscopy detected remarkable fluorescence derived from injected FITC-dextran in blood vessel walls. These results in embryonated chicken eggs suggest that ET onto blood vessels could artificially enhance vascular permeability to facilitate extravasation of macromolecules from blood vessels.
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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