Matsushita, Tomoki Tokushima University
Magnetic resonance imaging
Positron emission tomography
Myoepithelial carcinoma of the nasal cavity is extremely rare. We report the case of a 66-year-old man with myoepithelial carcinoma of the nasal cavity. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lobulated soft tissue mass with central necrosis and hemorrhage, as well as an invasion of the skull base and left orbit. The patient presented with continuous nasal congestion and heavy head and had no elevated level of squamous cell carcinoma-related antigen. CT, magnetic resonance imaging, or 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/CT revealed no evidence of a metastatic lesion. 18F-FDG accumulation in the tumor was inhomogeneous and moderate. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed a well-circumscribed solid tumor with septa, a small area of hemorrhage, and necrosis. The subsequent diagnosis was a myoepithelial carcinoma of the left nasal cavity. This case shows that nasal myoepithelial carcinoma might appear as a well-defined lobulated mass with hemorrhagic necrosis and intense contrast enhancement in the solid component. We conjecture that hemorrhagic necrosis and intense enhancement values may be potential markers of nasal myoepithelial carcinoma.
Radiology Case Reports
University of Washington|Elsevier
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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