ID 84072
タイトルヨミ
ノウカ ガイネン ノ サイケントウ : ショウケイエイテキ セイサン ヨウシキ トシテノ ニホン ノウギョウ
タイトル別表記
Reconceptualization of the "Farm Household" : Japanese Agriculture as a Small-Scale Mode of Production
著者
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the discussions on who are the main actors in
Japanese agriculture by examining the concept of "nouka" (farm household) as a unit of
agriculture used for purposes of analysis. Japanese agriculture is still characterized as based
on family farming,not only by Marxian economists,but by neo-classical economists as well.
Both insist that family farming is doomed to disappear. This paper will first examine this
belief based on the concepts introduced in Farm Family Business by Ruth Gasson and
Andrew Errington (CAB International,1993). In this study,Gasson and Errington
conclude that 'family farming is far more resilient than previously supposed.' Second,two
concepts,family and household,will be compared in light of the debate over which is superior
as a basic unit in analyzing Japanese agriculture. The answer is that the household,because
of its function of pooling income,which in turn enables household members to survive and
farm income to stabilize,acts as the critical strategic unit. Third,the land tenure system in
Japan is examined by identifying the main actors in the modern history of farming. The
conclusion is that the peasant proprietorship system established in the Edo era still
determines the agricultural structure in Japan. Lastly,this paper introduces the concept of
"small-scaleoperation," and identifies farming activities as a sub-concept of farm household
in order to articulate that farming income as well as non-farm income are included as
Japanese farm household income.
掲載誌名
村落社会研究
ISSN
13408240
cat書誌ID
AN10468152
出版者
日本村落研究学会
12
1
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
10
並び順
1
発行日
2005-09
EDB ID
243040
フルテキストファイル
言語
jpn
部局
総合科学系