シイン チョウサ カラ ボウサイ タイサク エ : ハンシン カラ ナンカイ エ
A paradigm shift from investigations of human casualties of mass-disaster to disaster measures : from Hanshin to Nankai
the great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake
Niigata Chuetsu earthquake
collapse of houses
An interdisciplinary research series of human casualties on the great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake and the Niigata Chuetsu earthquake was performed. For the difference of their natural and social attributes, the great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake was occurred in the urban and heavily populated area and the Niigata Chuetsu earthquake was occurred in the rural and sparsely populated area, differences of their structural damage and human casualties and issues for countermeasure to massdisaster were marked in occasional. In human casualties, there was found an imperceptible difference between them. Deaths by traumatic asphyxia under the collapsed housing were main events and deaths at the place to work and／or to drop in were lesser, however they were found within both earthquakes. On the next Nankai earthquake, the human casualties will find under the similar condition of Hanshin, Chuetsu and the eastern Japan earthquake. Spreading consciousness for earthquake-resistant houses and countermeasures for tsunami, and establishing education system for talented persons with the skill of the postmortem medical examination and／or taking case for the families of the deceased is indispensable for the countermeasure on the next Nankai earthquake.
LID201207091007.pdf 2.25 MB