Koizumi, Akihiko Tokushima University
Iwaki, Takahisa Tokushima University
Kato, Yuki Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
Ninomiya, Wataru Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
In the recent study, the dehydrogenation of isobutane to isobutene was accomplished using a NiO/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, and significant improvement in the time-on-stream yield of isobutene was accomplished. During the normal catalytic dehydrogenation of alkanes, the catalyst is covered by the carbon deposition that is generated during the reaction, which drastically reduces activity with time-on-stream. Therefore, no examples of the catalytic dehydrogenation of isobutane have yet been reported. This study used either ethane or propane as a source of isobutane to examine whether the activity was improved with time-on-stream. As a result, in the dehydrogenations of both ethane and propane on a NiO/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, the catalytic activity decreased with time-on-stream when the supporting amounts of NiO was small. By contrast, when the supporting amount of NiO was large, the catalytic activity improved with time-on-stream. The results using a NiO/γ-Al2O3 catalyst with small and large NiO loadings were similar to those of isobutane dehydrogenation and it was confirmed that the dehydrogenation activity was improved with time-on-stream in the catalytic dehydrogenations of ethane, propane, and isobutane using large NiO loadings. Intermediate behavior using a moderate amount of NiO loading, which was not detected in the dehydrogenation of isobutane, was also observed, which resulted in a maximum yield of either ethylene or propylene at 2.0 or 3.25 h on-stream, respectively. We concluded that the reason the catalytic activity did not improve with time-on-stream when using a NiO/γ-Al2O3 catalyst was because the supporting amount of NiO was too small. These results show that activity with time-on-stream could also be improved in the dehydrogenations of other alkanes.
Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan
jcej_55_9_290.pdf 1.41 MB