Yamada, Takuya Tokushima University
Ohtani, Hiromi Tokushima University
大倉, 一人 Suzuka University of Medical Science
Anginosus group streptococci
Background: Streptococcus anginosus subsp. anginosus (SAA) is one of the opportunistic pathogens in humans that inhabits the oral cavity. The type strain of SAA, NCTC10713T, showed clear β-hemolysis on blood agar plates, and the sole β-hemolytic factor revealed two streptolysin S (SLS) molecules. SLS is well known as the peptide hemolysin produced from the human pathogen S. pyogenes and shows not only hemolytic activity on erythrocytes but also cytotoxic activity in cell culture lines in vitro and in vivo, such as in a mouse infection model. However, no cytotoxic activity of SLS produced from β-hemolytic SAA (β-SAA) has been reported so far. Objective and Design: In this study, the SLS-dependent cytotoxicity of the β-SAA strains including the genetically modified strains was investigated in vitro. Results: The SLS-producing β-SAA showed cytotoxicity in human cell culture lines under the co-cultivation condition and it was found that this cytotoxicity was caused by the SLS secreted into the extracellular milieu. Conclusion: The results from this study suggest that the SLS produced from β-SAA might indicate the cytotoxic potential similar to that of the SLS from S. pyogenes and the SLS-producing β-SAA would be recognized as “a wolf in sheep’s clothing” More attention will be paid to the pathogenicity of β-hemolytic Anginosus group streptococci.
Journal of Oral Microbiology
Informa UK|Taylor & Francis
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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