Ninomiya, Yoshiro The University of Tokushima
Urano, Yoshio The University of Tokushima
Iwahana, Hiroyuki The University of Tokushima
Sasaki, Shiro The University of Tokushima
Squamous cell carcinoma
In this and previous studies, we have shown p53 overexpression immunohistochemically in 14 of 17 porokeratotic specimens obtained from 14 lesions of nine cases, and in all six specimens of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising on porokeratotic lesions of two cases. We screened mutations in exons 5 to 10 of the p53 gene in all these specimens by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Mutations of the p53 gene were detected in two of the six SCCs but not in any of the 17 porokeratotic specimens. These two mutations were C to T transitions at codons 146 and 175 in exon 5, which were a nonsense mutation at a dipyrimidine site and a missense mutation at a CG site, respectively. To our knowledge, neither of these mutations has been identified in skin cancers before. Our observations indicate that mutations of the p53 gene are not the major molecular etiology for porokeratosis, but are related to its skin carcinogenesis, and that p53 overexpression in porokeratosis is not due to p53 gene mutations.
Journal of Dermatological Science
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