Hirata, Misato Tokushima University
板東, 正浩 Tokushima University
田中, 貴大 Tokushima University
川口, 智之 Tokushima University
Wada, Hironori Tokushima University
棚橋, 俊仁 Tokushima University
The mechanism of resistance to sorafenib in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We analyzed miRNA expression profiles in sorafenib-resistant HCC cell lines (PLC/PRF5-R1/R2) and parental cell lines (PLC/PRF5) to identify the miRNAs responsible for resistance. Drug sensitivity, migration/invasion capabilities, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) properties were analyzed by biochemical methods. The clinical relevance of the target genes to survival in HCC patients were assessed using a public database. Four miRNAs were significantly upregulated in PLC/PRF5-R1/-R2 compared with PLC/PRF5. Among them, miR-125b-5p mimic-transfected PLC/PRF5 cells (PLC/PRF5-miR125b) and showed a significantly higher IC50 for sorafenib compared with controls, while the other miRNA mimics did not. PLC/PRF5-miR125b showed lower E-cadherin and higher Snail and vimentin expression—findings similar to those for PLC/PRF5-R2—which suggests the induction of EMT in those cells. PLC/PRF5-miR125b exhibited significantly higher migration and invasion capabilities and induced sorafenib resistance in an in vivo mouse model. Bioinformatic analysis revealed ataxin-1 as a target gene of miR-125b-5p. PLC/PRF5 cells transfected with ataxin-1 siRNA showed a significantly higher IC50, higher migration/invasion capability, higher cancer stem cell population, and an EMT phenotype. Median overall survival in the low-ataxin-1 patient group was significantly shorter than in the high-ataxin-1 group. In conclusion, miR-125b-5p suppressed ataxin-1 and consequently induced Snail-mediated EMT and stemness, leading to a poor prognosis in HCC patients.
The mechanism of resistance to multikinase inhibitors in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We analyzed miRNA expression profiles in sorafenib-resistant HCC cell lines (PLC/PRF5-R1/R2) and parental cell lines (PLC/PRF5) to identify the responsible miRNAs and target genes involved in the mechanism of resistance. Four miRNAs were significantly upregulated. Among them, we found that miR-125-5p induced sorafenib resistance in HCC cells and in a mouse model. We also revealed that miR-125-5p suppressed ataxin-1 as a target gene and consequently induced Snail-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stemness. Moreover, we demonstrated that ataxin-1 expression has an impact on the prognosis of patients with HCCs. In the future, by comparing the expression status of miR-125b-5p/ataxin-1 and the effect of sorafenib in the clinical setting, it is expected that miR-125b-5p will be established as an effective drug selection marker for treatment selection in patients with HCC.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ).
k3565_abstract_review.pdf 213 KB
k3565_fulltext.pdf 4.06 MB