Zhang, Chenyu University of Tokushima
Takada, Yukinobu University of Tokushima
Yamasaki, Ryuichi University of Tokushima
Saito, Shiro University of Tokushima
The GHRH test and L-dopa test were performed in 12 normal young men (24.1 ± 1.1 years) and 12 normal elderly men (77.8±1.4 years) to investigate age-related changes in secretion of GHRH, GH and IGF-I. The basal plasma levels of GHRH and GH were not significantly different in young and elderly men, but the basal plasma level of IGF-I was higher in the young men (159.0± 11.7 vs 86.7± 11.6 μg/l). The area under the curve for plasma GH in the GHRH test was less in the elderly group (35.1 ±5.9 vs 11.2 ± 2.1 μg · h−1 · 1−1, p<0.001). The AUCs for the plasma GHRH and GH responses in the L-dopa test in young and elderly men were 32.0±2.7 vs 20.3±1.8 ng · h−1 · 1−1 (p<0.001), and 21.8±4.6 vs 5.4±1.1 μg · h−1 · 1−1 (p<0.01), respectively, indicating decreased releases of GHRH and GH in the elderly. Correlations between the AUCs for plasma GHRH and GH responses in L-dopa were found in both groups, but the ratio of the AUCs for GH/GHRH was lower in the elderly group. The elderly group showed a significant correlation between the basal plasma IGF-I level and the AUCs for plasma GH in the GHRH and L-dopa tests. These results suggest that elderly men have a decreased reserve of hypothalamic GHRH, resulting in secondarily impaired GH release, which may lead to a lower level of IGF-I than in young men.
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