ICG fluorescence system in colorectal surgery
blood flow evaluation
indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence system
laparoscopic anterior resection
Background: One of the major cause of anastomotic leakage (AL) in anterior resection of the rectum is insufficient blood flow of the remnant colon. The indocyanine green fluorescence system (ICG-FS) can visualize the blood flow of organs intra-operatively. The aim of this study is to investigate the usefulness of ICG-FS for evaluating the blood flow of the remnant colon in laparoscopic anterior resection. Materials and Methods: Rectal cancer patients (n=24) who underwent laparoscopic anterior resection were included in this study. After resection of the rectum, 7.5mg of ICG was administered intravenously, and the blood flow of the oral stump was evaluated by the ICG-FS. The relationship between the fluorescence time (FT) of the oral stump and AL was investigated retrospectively. Result: Two of twenty-four patients (8.3%) suffered AL. The FT of these two cases were over 60 seconds. In the case with the FT was over 80 seconds, we performed additional resection of the late fluorescence portion of the remnant colon and could avoid AL. In patients whose FT was under 60 seconds, no patients suffered AL. Conclusion: ICG-FS may be useful for evaluating the blood flow of the remnant colon to avoid AL in laparoscopic anterior resection.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
jmi_66_1-2_65.pdf 1.3 MB