Furutani, Takahiro The University of Tokushima
Saito, Tatsuya The University of Tokushima
Segata, Tadashi The University of Tokushima
The polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) with dilithium tetra-tert-butylzincate (TBZL) has been investigated in toluene at low temperatures in the presence of alkyl and fluorinated alcohols. Of the alcohols examined, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol induced isotactic specificity and accelerated the polymerization process, affording the corresponding poly(NIPAAm)s in relatively high yields with meso (m) diad contents of 82%. It is worthy of note that the introduction of a fluorinated alcohol, which is typically used as an inhibitor in conventional anionic polymerization processes, enabled control over the stereospecificity and rate of the anionic polymerization of NIPAAm when TBZL was used as an initiator. Yttrium trifluoromethanesulfonate also induced isotactic specificity in the NIPAAm polymerization process in methanol and gave poly(NIPAAm) in high yield with an m diad content of 88%.
© 2012. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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