Improvement of the in vitro fertilization and embryo development of microminipigs
Namula, Zhao Guangdong Ocean University|Tokushima University
Isumi, Yasuhiro Tokushima University
Sato, Yoko Tokai University
Le, Quynh Anh Tokushima University
Lin, Qingyi Tokushima University
Takebayashi, Koki Tokushima University
ソンキテイデイロ, チヨンマナート Walailak University
This study aimed to compare the quality and the penetration ability of frozen–thawed spermatozoa from three microminipigs and Large White boars and to evaluate the effects of caffeine and heparin as well as the sperm–oocyte co-incubation length on the fertilization and embryonic development in vitro. Results showed that the fertilization rates of spermatozoa from three microminipig boars were significantly lower than those of a Large White boar. In the post-thaw spermatozoa from one of three microminipig boars, the sperm quality, penetration ability, and the oocyte development after in vitro fertilization were significantly lower than those of the spermatozoa from other boars. The caffeine supplementation in the fertilization media increased the rates of fertilization and blastocyst formation for the microminipig spermatozoa with low sperm quality. In addition to caffeine supplementation, the rates of fertilization and blastocyst formation after using microminipig spermatozoa were significantly higher with a 10 h sperm–oocyte co-incubation than with 3 h of co-incubation length. Our results indicate that the differences between the males and the breed influence the quality and fertility of frozen–thawed boar spermatozoa. In conclusion, the presence of caffeine in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) medium and adequate length of sperm–oocyte co-incubation may have beneficial effects for improving IVF results when using microminipig spermatozoa with low quality.
Archives Animal Breeding
This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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