ID 112445
著者
Hamano, Hirofumi Tokushima University
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Renal tubulointerstitial injury, an inflammation-associated condition, is a major cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Levels of activated factor X (FXa), a blood coagulation factor, are increased in various inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we investigated the protective effects of an FXa inhibitor against renal tubulointerstitial injury using unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice (a renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis model) and the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) database. The renal expression levels of FX and the FXa receptors protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 were significantly higher in UUO mice than in sham-operated mice. UUO-induced tubulointerstitial fibrosis and extracellular matrix expression were suppressed in UUO mice treated with the FXa inhibitor edoxaban. Additionally, edoxaban attenuated UUO-induced macrophage infiltration and inflammatory molecule upregulation. In an analysis of the FAERS database, there were significantly fewer reports of tubulointerstitial nephritis for patients treated with FXa inhibitors than for patients not treated with inhibitors. These results suggest that FXa inhibitors exert protective effects against CKD by inhibiting tubulointerstitial fibrosis.
掲載誌名
Scientific Reports
ISSN
20452322
出版者
Springer Nature
8
開始ページ
10858
発行日
2018-07-18
備考
Supplementary Figure : srep_8_10858_s1.pdf
権利情報
© The Author(s) 2018
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EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
医学系
薬学系
病院