Ishikura, Hisashi Tokushima Red Cross Hospital
Kimura, Suguru East Tokushima Medical Center
Non-small cell lung cancer
Background : Adjuvant chemotherapy with uracil tegafur (UFT) improved survival among patients with completely resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma. S-1, an oral dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)- inhibitory 5-fluorouracil, is a more potent DPD inhibitor than UFT ; therefore, we hypothesized that postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 would be effective for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conducted a feasibility study of S-1 as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with curatively resected pathological stage II and IIIA NSCLC. Methods : Adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of 9 courses (4-week administration, 2-week withdrawal) of S-1 at 80-120 mg/body per day. Twenty-four patients with completely resected NSCLC were enrolled in this study from November 2007 through December 2010. The primary endpoint was the rate of completion of the scheduled adjuvant chemotherapy. The secondary endpoints were safety, overall survival, and relapse-free survival. Results : Five patients were censored because of disease recurrence. The planned 9 courses of S-1 were administered to completion in 8 patients. Twelve patients completed more than 70% of the planned courses. Grade 3 adverse reactions, such as elevated total bilirubin (4.2%) and pneumonitis (4.2%), were observed, but there were no Grade 4 adverse reactions. Patients who completed more than 70% of the 9 courses demonstrated better overall survival than those who completed less than 70%. Conclusion : Postoperative administration of S-1 may be possible with few severe adverse events as adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with curatively resected pathological stage II-IIIA NSCLC.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
jmi_65_1-2_90.pdf 628 KB