Research and surgery for brain AVMs
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are hemorrhagic vascular diseases in which arteries and veins are directly connected with no capillary bed between the two. We herein introduce the results of basic research of this disease and surgical techniques based on our data and experiences. The results obtained from our research show that cell death- and inflammation-related molecules changed or became activated compared with control specimens. These findings indicate that chronic inflammation occurs in and around the nidus of AVMs. Various molecules are involved in the mechanisms of cell death and angiogenesis during this process. Confirmation of blood flow in the nidus is very important to avoid hemorrhagic complications during surgical removal of the nidus. The risk of hemorrhage increases when the blood flow in the nidus is not reduced. We reported the advantages of serial indocyanine green videoangiography, which is used to assess the blood flow during AVM nidus removal. Since publication of the ARUBA trial and Scottish Audit, treatments with high morbidity have not been allowed. It is especially important for neurosurgeons to treat low Spetzler–Martin grade AVMs with low morbidity.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
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