抗PD-1抗体への化学療法の併用はmyeloid-derived suppressor cellsを減少させることにより中皮腫の増殖を抑制する
香西, 博之 Tokushima University
Kishuku, Masatoshi Tokushima University
Malignant pleural mesothelioma
Background: The combination of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibody with chemotherapy has been approved for the first-line therapy of lung cancer. However, the effects against malignant mesothelioma (MPM) and the immunological mechanisms by which chemotherapy enhances the effect of targeting PD-1/PD-L1 in MPM are poorly understood.
Materials and Methods: We utilized syngeneic mouse models of MPM and lung cancer and assessed the therapeutic effects of anti-PD-1 antibody and its combination with cisplatin (CDDP) and pemetrexed (PEM). An immunological analysis of tumor-infiltrating cells was performed with immunohistochemistry.
Results: We observed significant therapeutic effects of anti-PD-1 antibody against MPM. Although the effect was associated with CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in tumors, the number of Foxp3+ cells was not reduced but rather increased. Consequently, combination with CDDP/PEM significantly enhanced the antitumor effects of anti-PD-1 antibody by decreasing numbers of intratumoral myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and vessels probably through suppression of VEGF expression by CDDP+PEM.
Conclusions: The combination of anti-PD-1 antibody with CDDP+PEM may be a promising therapy for MPM via inhibiting the accumulation of MDSCs and vessels in tumors.
本論文は, 著者Kenji Otsukaの学位論文として提出され, 学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
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