Primary site identification in children with OSA
Yanagisawa-Minami, Ayaka Kagoshima University
Sugiyama, Takeshi Yamanashi University|Ichinomiya-Nishi Hospital
Yamasaki, Youichi Kagoshima University
airway negative pressure
computed fluid dynamics
obstructive sleep apnea
Study Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a respiratory disorder caused by the obstruction of the upper airway during sleep. The identification of the primary site of OSA is essential to determine treatment strategy. This study aimed to establish computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis for determining the clinical severity of OSA and the primary site of OSA.
Methods: Twenty children (mean age, 6 years) were divided into OSA and control groups according to their apnea hypopnea index. Three-dimensional airways were constructed from computed tomography data. The pharyngeal airway morphology and the pressure and velocity of the upper airway were evaluated using CFD analysis.
Results: The maximum velocity and pressure of the upper airway in the OSA group were significantly correlated with the severity of OSA (rs = 0.741, P < 0.001; rs = 0.653, P = 0.002). A velocity higher than 12 m/s indicated the primary site of OSA. In addition, we found that the primary site of OSA is not necessarily the same as the collapsible conduit site.
Conclusions: CFD analysis allows both the evaluation of the disease severity of OSA and the identification of the primary site of OSA in children. The primary site of OSA is not necessarily the same as the collapsible conduit site; therefore, CFD analysis can be used to identify the appropriate intervention for treating OSA.
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
This article has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine published by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
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