Takase, Naoko Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Inden, Masatoshi Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Sekine, Shin-ichiro Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Ishii, Yumi Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Yonemitsu, Hiroko Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Iwashita, Wakana Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Kurita, Hisaka Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Hozumi, Isao Gifu Pharmaceutical University
PiT-1 (encoded by SLC20A1) and PiT-2 (encoded by SLC20A2) are type-III sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporters (NaPiTs). Recently, SLC20A2 mutations have been found in patients with idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC), and were predicted to bring about an inability to transport Pi from the extracellular environment. Here we investigated the effect of low Pi loading on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y and the human glioblastoma A172 cell lines. The results show a different sensitivity to low Pi loading and differential regulation of type-III NaPiTs in these cells. We also examined whether 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) inhibited low Pi loading-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Concomitant application of 5-ALA with low Pi loading markedly attenuated low Pi-induced cell death and mitochondrial dysfunction via the induction of HO-1 by p38 MAPK. The findings provide us with novel viewpoints to understand the pathophysiology of IBGC, and give a new insight into the clinical prevention and treatment of IBGC.
Supplementary Data : srep_7_5768_s1.pdf
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