高齢脳卒中リハビリテーション患者におけるMini Nutritional Assessment Short-FormとGeriatric Nutritional Risk Indexの併存的および予測的妥当性
西岡, 心大 徳島大学大学院栄養生命科学教育部（人間栄養科学専攻）
Omagari, Katsuhisa University of Nagasaki
Nishioka, Emi Nagasaki Rehabilitation Hospital
Mori, Natsumi Nagasaki Rehabilitation Hospital
Kayashita, Jun Prefectural University of Hiroshima
Background: Malnutrition might worsen the clinical outcomes in stroke patients, although few nutritional screening tools have assessed their validity.
Methods: We assessed clinical data of consecutive stroke patients aged ≥65 years in rehabilitation hospital from 2015 to 2017 using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) for index testing. The European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition diagnostic criteria for malnutrition (ESPEN-DCM) was used as a reference standard. The receiver-operating characteristics curve was illustrated by the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp). The Youden index was used to define the cut-off value for malnutrition detection or screening. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and discharge destination were compared for verifying predictive validity.
Results: We enrolled 420 patients for the analysis. Of them, 125 patients were included in malnutrition group (mean age: 80 years) and 295 in non-malnutrition group (mean age: 77 years) by the ESPEN-DCM. The area under the curve of the MNA-SF and the GNRI were 0.890 and 0.865, respectively. Se and Sp cut-off values to detect or screen malnutrition were 5 (Se: 0.78; Sp: 0.85) and 7 (Se: 0.96; Sp: 0.57) for the MNA-SF and 92 (Se: 0.74; Sp: 0.84) and 98 (Se: 0.93; Sp: 0.50) for the GNRI, respectively. The GNRI were associated with discharge destination, whereas no correlation was observed between the MNA-SF and outcomes by multivariable analysis.
Conclusions: The MNA-SF and GNRI have fair concurrent validity if appropriate cut-off values were used. The GNRI exhibits good predictive validity in stroke patients.
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Wiley|The British Dietetic Association
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S. Nishioka, K. Omagari, E. Nishioka, N. Mori, Y. Taketani, J. Kayashita. (2020), Concurrent and predictive validity of the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index in older stroke rehabilitation patients. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 33(1): 12-22, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12699. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
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