ID 113097
著者
Ohhashi, Kazutomo Osaka University
キーワード
breast‐feeding
limitation factors
dependent‐care
Orem's theory
breast‐feeding limitation scale
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for gathering information about the factors restricting the continuation of breast-feeding at the time of discharge from the maternity hospital after childbirth. As a first step, a statistical analysis was conducted regarding the predictability at the time of hospital discharge of the breast-feeding limitation factors which were collected during a survey at the health checkup1month after childbirth.
Methods : The information regarding the factors limiting breast-feeding, gathered from mothers who could not continue breast-feeding at one month after childbirth, was analyzed using the dependent-care model proposed by Orem, a nursing theoretician. Based on the analysis results, a questionnaire consisting of 36 items 4 point Likert-type scale was prepared. This draft questionnaire was pre-tested, and finally a questionnaire consisting of 30 items(▯ coefficient=0.81)was prepared.
Using the re-testing method, an examination was undertaken to see the extent to which the limitation factors gleaned through the questionnaire survey can be predicted at the time of hospital discharge. The subjects were 70 mothers who had experienced rooming-in upon normal delivery. The survey was conducted twice : at the time of hospital discharge and at the time of the health checkup1month after delivery.
Results:1.Regarding the prepared questionnaire, the correlation between items was determined through the re-test method, according to which the subjects were surveyed at the time of hospital discharge and at the time of the health checkup 1 month after delivery. As a result, an extremely strong correlation, that is,0.9 or upward, was observed in 1 item of the questionnaire survey, a strong correlation, that is,0.7 or upward, was observed in 5 items, and no correlation was observed in 8 items.
2.The constructive concept of the questionnaire survey at the time of hospital discharge was analyzed based on the 22 for which there was a strong or extremely strong correlation ; the other8items for which no correlation was observed were left out. After 3 varimax rotations, a model with 13 items and 4 factors was verified. Cronbach's ▯ coefficient for the entire questionnaire was 0.81,and that for the subscale ranged from 0.58 to 0.83.
3.The correlation between the questionnaire scores at the time of hospital discharge and at the time of the health checkup 1 month after delivery was 0.65(p<0.0001)for the entire questionnaire, while that for the subscale ranged from 0.37(p=0.0015) to 0.76(p<0.0001).
4.The mean score of the breast-feeding group and that of the mixed-feeding group at the time of the health checkup 1 month after delivery were 27.3±7.0 and 31.7±6.8,respectively ; that is, a significant difference(p<0.05)was observed between the two groups. It has been found that the mixed-feeding group has more factors limiting breast-feeding in comparison with the breast-feeding group, and it has been suggested that the information gathered by the questionnaire can indeed constitute a firm basis for predicting difficulties in continuing breast-feeding.
Conclusion : Some of the limitation factors discovered at the time of the health checkup 1 month after delivery could be predicted at the time of hospital discharge ; thus, it has been suggested that those limitation factors can be included in a questionnaire survey on factors limiting breast-feeding. The questionnaire to be filled out at the time of hospital discharge after childbirth will be prepared upon further review of its reliability and validity. We expect that the questionnaire will constitute a firm basis for predicting the presence of factors limiting breast-feeding already at the time of hospital discharge, will help staff evaluate the feasibility of self-care, which is said to be necessary for puerperal women, and will help staff elucidate the necessity of nursing-care intervention.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Nursing Investigation
ISSN
13483722
24342238
cat書誌ID
AA11937122
出版者
徳島大学医学部
3
1
開始ページ
27
終了ページ
34
並び順
27
発行日
2004-12-25
EDB ID
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
医学系