OCT for observation of vasa vasorum
Hypoxia and low pulmonary arterial (PA) blood flow stimulate the development of systemic-to-pulmonary collateral blood vessels, which can be an adverse factor when performing the Fontan operation. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to elucidate the morphological changes in PA vasculature after creation of a bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (BCPC) in children.
This prospective study evaluated PA wall thickness and development of PA vasa vasorum (VV) in the distal PA of eight patients (BCPC group, 1.3 ± 0.3 years) and 20 age-matched children with normal pulmonary artery hemodynamics and morphology (Control group, 1.4 ± 0.3 years). VV development was defined by the VV area ratio, defined as the VV area divided by the adventitial area in cross-sectional images.
There was no significant difference in PA wall thickness between the BCPC and control groups (0.12 ± 0.03 mm vs. 0.12 ± 0.02 mm, respectively). The VV area ratio was significantly greater in the BCPC group than in the Control group (14.5 ± 3.5% vs. 5.3 ± 1.6%, respectively; p<0.0001).
OCT is a promising new tool for evaluating PA pathology, including the development of VV in patients after BCPC.
© 2019 Hayabuchi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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