Takata, Kaori The University of Tokushima
Background : Hyperkalemia has multimodal effects on myocardial protection during ischemia/reperfusion. The preservation of Na+/K+-ATPase activity induced by hyperkalemia may have critical impact on myocardial protection. Methods : To elucidate the roles of hyperkalemia (16 mM) and Na+/K+-ATPase inhibition (100 μMouabain) inmyocardial protection during simulated ischemia (5 mM NaCN and 5.5 mM 2-deoxyglucose)/ reperfusion, we measured loss of membrane integrity and bleb formation using a vital dye calcein AM in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The control perfusate was switched to treatment solution for 15 min, followed by reperfusion for 30 min. In a second set of experiments, myocardial excitability and diastolic intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) were measured during a 45-min treatment using a calcium-sensitive fluorescent dye fluo-4 AM. Results : Simulated ischemia/reperfusion under ouabain treatment induced loss of membrane integrity, which was suppressed by hyperkalemia. Simulated ischemia/reperfusion induced bleb formation, which was accelerated by ouabain. Hyperkalemia delayed and inhibited the increase in diastolic [Ca2+]i induced by simulated ischemia. Furthermore, hyperkalemia almost completely inhibited the effects of ouabain on the diastolic [Ca2+]i during ischemia. Conclusions : These results suggest that hyperkalemia during ischemia is cardioprotective against ischemia/reperfusion insults and that hyperkalemia inhibits the effects of ouabain during ischemia.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
jmi_60_1-2_66.pdf 1.11 MB