ID 111934
タイトル別表記
舌の厚みとその臨床的意義
著者
藤本, けい子 徳島大学大学院口腔科学教育部(口腔科学専攻)
キーワード
tongue thickness
oral function
elderly
assessment
資料タイプ
学位論文
抄録
Background: The tongue occupies most of the space in the oral cavity and it plays an important role in oral functions such as mastication, swallowing and articulation. The tongue continues to move from the time of intake to swallowing, particularly during masticating. A method for evaluating tongue thickness at rest by ultrasonography has been proposed; however, the association between tongue thickness and various oral functions remains unclear.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between tongue thickness and oral functions, and to clarify the clinical significance of tongue thickness measurements in oral function maintenance.
Materials and Methods: Elderly outpatients were serially screened for enrollment and a total of 106 subjects (men, 54; women, 52; mean age, 75.2±6.5 years) were selected. Age, body mass index, and functional teeth number including implant and pontic of fixed partial denture number were recorded as the basic attributes. Tongue thickness, tongue pressure, tongue thrust pressure and tongue motor function were measured as tongue assessments. Cheek pressure, oral moisture and occlusal force were measured as other oral functions.
Results: Subjects with thick tongue tended to have higher BMI, stronger muscle strengths and lower diadochokinesis. Diadochokinesis of/ka/, cheek pressure and functional teeth number were extracted as the independent factors affecting tongue thickness.
Conclusion: Tongue thickness does not necessarily reflect oral functions in healthy elderly people except for a negative association between tongue thickness and oral diadochokinesis of /ka/. Multiple assessments of tongue would be required to evaluate oral function, and the assessment of tongue thickness might have a different clinical meaning.
掲載誌名
Journal of Oral Health and Biosciences
ISSN
21896682
出版者
四国歯学会
31
1
開始ページ
32
終了ページ
38
並び順
32
発行日
2018-07-05
備考
内容要旨・審査要旨・論文本文の公開
本論文は,著者Keiko Fujimotoの学位論文として提出され,学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
博士論文全文を含む
文科省報告番号
甲第3182号
学位記番号
甲口第439号
学位授与年月日
2018-03-23
学位名
博士(歯学)
学位授与機関
徳島大学
部局
病院
歯学系