RET MUTATIONS IN PHEOCHROMOCYTOMAS
Hamaguchi, Sachiko The University of Tokushima
Kimura, Takehiko The University of Tokushima
Iwahana, Hiroyuki The University of Tokushima
Miyauchi, Akira Kagawa Medical School
Sporadic pheochromocytomas, sporadic medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs), pheochromocytomas and/or MTCs in multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2A or 2B were screened for mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the RET proto-oncogene by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified products or sequencing subcloned DNAs from PCR-products. All tumors of 4 MEN 2B patients were confirmed to contain a heterozygous missense mutation at codon 918 (ATG→ACG; Met→Thr) of the RET proto-oncogene as well as their leukocytes. The same tumor-specific mutations at codon 918 were also found in 5/16 (31%) sporadic pheochromocytomas. These results suggest that mutations of the RET proto-oncogene in its tyrosine kinase domain play a role not only as the predisposing gene for MEN 2B, but also as a tumorigenic factor for pheochromocytomas of sporadic type.
The Japan Endocrine Society
endcrj_42_2_265.pdf 786 KB