Rahman, M. Motiur Tokushima University
Hirokawa, Takatsugu National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Tsukimoto, Jun Tokushima University
Hitaoka, Seiji Tokushima University
Human cytosolic sialidase (Neuraminidase 2, NEU2) catalyzes the removal of terminal sialic acid residues from glycoconjugates. The effect of siastatin B, known as a sialidase inhibitor, has not been evaluated toward human NEU2 yet. We studied the regulation of NEU2 activity by siastatin B in vitro and predicted the interaction in silico. Inhibitory and stabilizing effects of siastatin B were analyzed in comparison with DANA (2-deoxy-2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid) toward 4-umbelliferyl N-acetylneuraminic acid (4-MU-NANA)- and α2,3-sialyllactose-degrading activities of recombinant NEU2 produced by E. coli GST-fusion gene expression. Siastatin B exhibited to have higher competitive inhibitory activity toward NEU2 than DANA at pH 4.0. We also revealed the stabilizing effect of siastatin B toward NEU2 activity at acidic pH. Docking model was constructed on the basis of the crystal structure of NEU2/DANA complex (PDB code: 1VCU). Molecular docking predicted that electrostatic neutralization of E111 and E218 residues of the active pocket should not prevent siastatin B from binding at pH 4.0. The imino group (1NH) of siastatin B can also interact with D46, neutralized at pH 4.0. Siastatin B was suggested to have higher affinity to the active pocket of NEU2 than DANA, although it has no C7–9 fragment corresponding to that of DANA. We demonstrated here the pH-dependent affinity of siastatin B toward NEU2 to exhibit potent inhibitory and stabilizing activities. Molecular interaction between siastatin B and NEU2 will be utilized to develop specific inhibitors and stabilizers (chemical chaperones) not only for NEU2 but also the other human sialidases, including NEU1, NEU3 and NEU4, based on homology modeling.
Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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