Ebe, Koji Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Takao Hospital
Muneta, Tetsuo Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Muneta Maternity Clinic
Bando, Masahiro Tokushima University
Yonei, Yoshikazu Doshisha University
calorie restricted diet (CRD)
glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)
latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)
low-carbohydrate diet (LCD)
Background: Authors have continued research for meal tolerance test (MTT) by calorie restriction diet (CRD) and low carbohydrate diet (LCD), besides M value and glucose variability.
Methods: Subjects were 38 patients of two groups. Group-1 has 19 patients (57.6±12.9 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and positive glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA), which is possible to latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). Group-2 has recruited 19 cases with T2DM and negative GADA, who showed age, sex, glucose variability-matched subjects. They were given CRD on day 1-2, and LCD day 3-14, and biomarkers were compared between Group-1 and Group-2.
Results: Average values of the daily profile of blood glucose on day2(CRD)/day4(LCD) in Group-1 vs 2 were studied. Obtained data were 202/148 mg/dL vs 205/143 mg/dL, respectively with similarity. However, M value showed 174/58 vs 179/22, respectively with difference. There were significant correlations of M value between day2 and day4 in Group-1 vs Group-2. Further, both showed contrast tendency, associated with wide distribution vs narrow distribution, respectively.
Conclusions: These results suggested that Group-1 with positive GADA may have insufficient pancreas secretion compared with that of Group-2, and these data may become a basal reference for future study of LADA.
This is an Open Access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
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