Role of p18INK4C in pituitary tumorigenesis
Hossain, Md. Golam The University of Tokushima
Qian, Zhi Rong The University of Tokushima
Wan, Shahidan The University of Tokushima
Shima, Nazatul The University of Tokushima
Okutsu, Toru The University of Tokushima
Yamada, Shozo Toranomon Hospital
INK4 family proteins
cell cycle regulators
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors represented by the INK4 family comprising p16INK4A, p15INK4B, p18INK4C, and p19INK4D are regulators of the cell cycle shown to be aberrant in many types of cancer. Mice lacking p18Ink4c exhibit a series of phenotypes including the development of widespread organomegaly and pituitary adenomas. The objective of our study is to examine the role of p18INK4C in the pathogenesis of human pituitary tumors. The protein and mRNA levels of p18INK4C were examined by immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. The methylation status of the p18INK4C gene promoter and somatic mutations of the p18INK4C gene were also investigated. p18INK4C protein expression was lost or significantly reduced in 64% of pituitary adenomas compared with levels in normal pituitary glands. p18INK4C mRNA levels were low in all ACTH adenomas and non-functioning (NF)-FSH and in 42%, 70% and 66% of GH, PRL, and subtype 3 adenomas, respectively. p18INK4C mRNA levels were significantly associated with p18INK4C protein levels. Neither methylated promoters in pituitary adenomas, except in 1 NF-FSH adenoma, nor somatic mutations of the p18INK4C gene in any pituitary adenomas were detected. The down-regulation of p18INK4C expression may contribute to the tumorigenesis of pituitary adenomas.
© Humana Press Inc. 2009
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12022-009-9076-0.
LID201602262006.pdf 3 MB